What good is having the best speakers if you don’t know how to set them up? Whether you’re a musician, public speaker, or someone who enjoys howling into the void through a channel amplifier, learning how to wire speakers to an amp is a necessary skill. This is especially true if you’re experiencing white noise in your speakers–you’ll want to know how to troubleshoot this.
Below, we’ll instruct you on which wire goes where. And if it leaves you wanting more, you can read another article on how to test speakers with a multimeter.
Connecting to a stereo amplifier is a fundamental skill that anyone with a speaker and audio amplifier should have. Below we’ll show you how to set up a pair of speakers in series so that you can adequately design audio signals to fit your needs. And if you do this and realize that one of your speakers is bad, we have a resource covering speaker replacement.
If you are working with bare speaker wire ends, make sure you twist the end, wrapping them tightly together, before inserting it into the terminal.
Identify your speaker wires and terminals. Each speaker with has a positive and a negative wire. A black wire often indicates the negative, and a red wire the positive.
Look at the back of your terminal and find the labels. There should be a minus (-) symbol for negative and a plus (+) symbol for positive.
Identify the left and right channels. There will be labels for two channels on the back of a one-channel stereo amp, one right and one left. Each will have two terminals, one positive and one negative.
Take the negative wire from the left speaker and connect it to the negative terminal of the left channel.
Take the positive wire from the left speaker and connect it to the negative connection in the right speaker. This wiring combines the two Ohm speaker’s impedances, making them in series. Learn what Ohms means in speakers if you’re not sure.
Take the positive wire of the right speaker and connect it to the positive speaker terminal in the left channel.
Test the connection and wire placement. Plugin the power source and see if the audio output comes through alright. If there is shallow bass or the audio source sounds thin, you most likely have created inverted polarity (put a negative wire in a positive terminal, or vice versa).
Wiring your speakers “out of phase” (negative to positive, positive to negative) can cause a significant loss in sound quality.
What is parallel wiring?
Parallel connection wiring means that both speakers have their channel of electrical current, as opposed to series wiring, which connects the two currents into one. This wiring scheme provides greater speaker output.
What is “bridging” an amp?
This term means that two channels of a wired speaker amp share the load of one single speaker. As a result, this increases the power of the speaker.
What length and size of speaker wire do I need?
Wire size depends on both your budget and speaker wattage. However, 16 to 18-gauge speaker wire will do the trick for most setups.
STAT: Running speakers in series increases impedance, which decreases the flow of electrical current. (source)