If you are shopping for a brand new display, you may be looking to compare IPS vs TN vs VA LCD panels. The best computer monitors, particularly LCD displays, tend to include one of these three panel types. How do these panels compare? Keep reading to find out.


  • TN panels are known for being budget-friendly and offering reduced input lag.
  • VA panels offer the best color reproduction, but at the cost of an increase in input lag.
  • IPS panels are considered “jack-of-all-trades”, being relatively inexpensive and offering a robust feature set, including decent refresh rates, good color accuracy, deep blacks, and a wide viewing angle.

Differences Between IPS and TN and VA Computer Monitor Panels

The differences between these three types of LCD (liquid crystal display) panels begin with their overall design. Twisted Nematic (TN) panels are the oldest type of LCD panel, followed by In-Plane Switching (IPS) panels and Vertical Alignment (VA) panels. All of these panels typically reside in LCD monitors, if you are comparing LCD vs LED monitors. LED technology uses a different mechanism of lighting and image rendering.

Insider Tip

Modern TN panels offer increased specs over older models, which is something to consider if you are on a budget.

Here are the big differences between these three types of LCD panels.

Viewing Angles

If you want to maximize your viewing angle, you should stay away from TN panels, as they offer a notoriously limited field of view when compared to the other two types. Even VA panels struggle slightly when it comes to offering superior viewing angles, so go with an IPS panel if the viewing angle is high on your priority list of must-have features.

Color Gamut

Again, TN panels come up short here, offering the most limited color gamut of the bunch. An IPS panel is known for decent black reproduction, leading to an increase in the noticeable color gamut when compared to TN panels. VA panels land somewhere in the middle when it comes to the color gamut, though VA panels do offer a superior contrast ratio, up to 6000:1 in some cases.

Input Lag

The relatively simple technology behind TN panels gives them a leg up when it comes to input lag, though TN’s leg up with regard to input lag has shrunken in recent years. Even cheaper TN panels can boast a 1ms input lag time, but the same can now be said for many IPS panels. VA panels are the slowest of the three, making them ideal for graphic designers and the like, but not gamers.


TN panels are extremely cheap, as they have been in mass production for decades. This ultra-low price point can come in extremely handy, especially if you are comparing a full warranty vs a limited warranty.


Why IPS panels now offer a good choice for gaming monitors?

The IPS panel type is great for modern gaming, as refresh rates are solid, lag is reduced, and colors are on point.

Are 144Hz gaming monitors worth it?

If you are a competitive gamer, an IPS monitor with a 144Hz refresh rate is a good metric to shoot for, despite the cost. It is a decent panel type, offering fantastic image quality and fast specs for gaming.

What are response times?

A response time does have some bearing on image quality and panel technology as a whole, as it refers to the amount of time it takes a single pixel to go from black to white and back again.

STAT: Even basic IPS panels offer 20%-30% more color space than the fanciest TNs. (source)

Lawrence Bonk

Lawrence Bonk is a copywriter with a decade of experience in the tech space, with columns appearing in Engadget, Huffington Post and CBS, among others. He has a cat named Cinnamon.

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