If your HVAC system seems to run poorly, you may want to learn how to find a leak in a central air conditioner. This is why you want to make sure you install the central air conditioner correctly. Though water leaks are the most common kind, refrigerant leaks and Freon leaks can also occur, even in the best air conditioners.

The three most common types of leaks in HVAC systems are water leaks, Freon leaks, and refrigerant leaks. These leaks can cause serious issues, including water damage to your home, decreased life of your HVAC system, decreased efficiency and cooling power in your AC system, and damage to components.


  • There are three kinds of common leaks in HVAC systems: Freon, water, and evaporator coil leaks.
  • Water leaks are the most common kind of leak in HVAC systems and are generally the easiest to deal with.
  • Signs that you have a leak include noticeably worse performance, more noise while running, loud noise when shutting off, and water or liquids in places they aren’t normally found.

Finding Leaks In Central Air Conditioners

After you read about how to find and handle an AC refrigerant leak, you may want to look at how to drain water from a window air conditioner. You may also be interested in how to find the BTU rating in an air conditioner. Other articles include controlling an A/C from a mobile device and how to reduce the noise of an air conditioner. For a simpler solution, consider getting a highly-rated windowless air conditioner instead.

Insider Tip

Water leaks are the most common kind seen in central air systems by a wide margin and are also usually the easiest for a repair technician to deal with.

Water Leaks

Cooled refrigerant moving through the evaporator coil of your central air conditioner pulls warm air over the top of the coil, and the moisture in that air condenses and drips into the drain pan, where it’s released through the drain line outside. When refrigerant levels are low due to larger leaks, the evaporator coil may not get cold enough to cause condensation, resulting in a gurgling sound as the air pulls through.

If you’re seeing water in places it shouldn’t be, namely your floor, you probably have a water leak. The same holds true for an air conditioner refrigerant leak. To detect it, you need to use a Freon leak detector to find the actual leak. As ‌with each leak type, you’re better off calling a licensed repair technician instead of attempting the fix yourself. And at the start of your journey with your AC, make sure the install is done properly, whether you do it yourself or you hire a professional to handle something like a mini split installation.

Freon or Refrigerant Leaks

If your HVAC system doesn’t seem to cool the house sufficiently, usually indicated by the room not reaching the temperature you set the system to, you probably have a Freon leak and should call a professional. An AC coolant leak, or air conditioning leak, is a common problem with air conditioners and needs to be addressed quickly before it becomes too costly. You can also invest in an AC leak detector to catch a slow leak that may not be caught easily. Be warned, though: a common scam HVAC professionals run is to offer to “top off” your Freon levels without fixing the leak.


Freon leaks can be dangerous at significant levels of exposure; do not attempt to repair a refrigerant leak yourself! Call a professional HVAC technician.

This isn’t how your refrigerant works. Freon needs to be refilled to exact numbers which vary from system to system. An honest repair center will run a diagnostic first, fix the leak, then refill your Freon based on what your system dictates.

Evaporator Coil Leak

Your indoor evaporator coil is a copper tube. Copper can deteriorate over time through a process called formicary corrosion, which is caused by pollutants like hair spray, cleaning products, and air fresheners.

STAT: Inverter air conditioner units are far more efficient than standard types and can save as much as 60% in energy costs. (source)

If your HVAC is malfunctioning, check for liquid near the coil, which could be either Freon or water. A severely deteriorated copper coil can cause leaks that can damage the system, and although coil repairs are often possible, it’s usually best just to replace it. Either way, this is not a DIY project, so you should call a professional HVAC tech.


Why does water form in my air conditioner?

Water forms in an AC system when warm air is blown over the evaporator coil, causing condensation. This condensation collects in the drain pan as it drips off the coil and is then released by the drain line.

Why is it important to know where an HVAC leak is?

Knowing (or guessing to the best of your knowledge) where the leak is located allows you to make the most informed decision about how to fix it and to let a professional tech know what kind of job they’re looking at.

Is a Freon leak dangerous?

Besides compromising the cooling power and efficiency of your HVAC system and risking possible damage to components, Freon leaks can be dangerous because they can be toxic to humans if they’re exposed to them.

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