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Do you find yourself asking why open-back headphones might be a better choice than closed-back headphones? Well, we’re here with an answer. If you’re looking to upgrade your music listening experience with high-end audiophile or studio headphones, you’ll want to understand the benefits of open-back models.
The best headphones in each type offer different levels of comfort, sound isolation, and overall listening experience. They’re different enough that you shouldn’t have too much trouble deciding, taking your listening preferences into account.
Open-back headphones offer superior clarity and accuracy for mixing and isolated listening compared to closed-back models.
While you’re looking into the subject, you may want to read up on how much do headphones cost in general to know what you might be getting into. You might also want to learn a bit about troubleshooting things like why your wireless headphones keep disconnecting.
Open-back headphones are headphones designed to let air flow through the ear cups from behind the speaker driver, which prevents the low-frequency exaggeration and other extra audible resonances that occur in headphones that totally enclose the ears (called closed-back headphones).
Allowing the ears to be partially exposed has a few specific benefits and drawbacks that audiophiles, sound professionals, and home recordists should be aware of.
One of the main benefits of open-back headphones is the clear, natural sound they offer. Closed-back headphones tend to sound muddier and less natural, with increased low-end and less high-end definition. Conversely, the closer proximity to the ears of the sound source and the isolation offered by closed-back headphones make their stereo image more defined. Although, if there’s no sound when you plug in your headphones that could be a bigger issue. Or, if they’re Bluetooth headphones, they may not be connected.
If you’re mixing audio with monitor headphones, open-back models will give you a more accurate idea of the mix in terms of EQ and dynamics, with the sacrifice to stereo image accuracy generally not being significant enough to give closed-back pairs the edge. For more great models, check out our comparison article with Bose Sport Earbuds vs Bose Soundsport Free.
When it comes to isolation, closed-back headphones overwhelmingly have the edge over open-back models. Closed-back models isolate the user from outside sound sources and prevent audio bleed from the user.
This makes them essential for situations where, for example, multiple musicians are in the same live room tracking simultaneously, where nearby microphones would pick up bleed from headphones on any nearby microphones, and where external sounds might distract or interfere with an individual performance.
Open-back models offer little isolation of sound, either outgoing or ingoing, making them less ideal for such recording situations or casual use in the workplace, where no one necessarily wants to hear the music their coworkers are listening to.
Another important advantage that open-back models offer is that they’re far more comfortable to use over long periods than closed-back headphones, which tend to have smaller earphones and less breathing room inside for the user’s ears.
Moreover, since the sound source in closed-back phones is closer to the actual ear canal, listening fatigue can set in a lot sooner, and the chance for hearing damage is greater.
Close-back headphones have a slight tendency to have a more robust build quality and be less fragile than open-back phones, meaning they’re less prone to breaking and less susceptible to wear and tear, giving them longer lifespans.
Lastly, the electronics tend to be more exposed in open-back models, thus more vulnerable to moisture, dust, and dirt.
Closed-back headphones carry more significant listening fatigue and hearing damage risk with frequent use over long periods than open-back models.
What are semi-open-back headphones?
Semi-open-back headphones split the difference between closed-back and open-back headphones with a design that’s almost closed-back but doesn’t totally seal the back of the speaker elements. This allows a small amount of air out of the enclosure for a clearer, more natural sound closer to open-back headphones but maintains some of the isolation of closed-back models.
When shouldn’t I use open-back headphones?
Open-back headphones aren’t suitable for a few settings. These include crowded or loud public spaces, quiet spaces like libraries and some offices where bleed from the headphones might disturb others, or during live multitrack recording sessions with multiple performers in a small enclosed space.
What is bone conduction?
Open-ear wireless headphones use bone conduction to send vibrations directly from an audio source to the inner ear instead of into the eardrums. This often requires a custom fitting since the fit must be very tight for conduction to work as designed.
STAT: Between 2013 and 2020, the global high-end headphone market experienced significant yearly increases. (source)