What Material is a Projector Screen Made Of?

Beth Huston Profile image

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Updated December 7, 2022

The question, “What material is a projector screen made of?” has a few answers. There is a spectrum of quality projection screen materials and a wide range of colors to match. The different types of projector screens might surprise you. For example, there are gray screens as well as traditional white.


  • A projection screen can come in various materials and colors, so make sure you pick the right combination of those qualities.
  • While you can purchase a projection screen from a retailer, you can also build custom screens using a few materials around the house.
  • The display surface you choose will depend on various factors, including the price ranges you’re open to paying.

When it comes to understanding screens, you need to appreciate all aspects. All terminology is crucial to proper screen operation, from screen gain levels to hot spots. The best projectors are essentially useless without the right projection screen to pair with.

The biggest fight a screen must face is against ambient light. The biggest goal of most manufacturers is to develop better screens that can handle more ambient lighting continuously. Whether using an outdoor projector screen or a larger screen inside, pay close attention to their ability to withstand a high external light level.

Insider Tip

Image brightness depends on multiple factors, including the material and color of your projection screen.

There’s more to projector screens than just understanding ambient light, however. Learning how to hide a projector screen and knowing what color a projector screen should be, helps your space feel minimal and organized.

The Different Screen Materials

After you’ve figured out the best screen size, the next step is exploring materials. While white screens are the most popular, there are a few different variations you can look into. For example, you could look into a portable screen, such as inflatable screens.

Whether you choose inflatable screens or not, you’ll need a great projector to match. “What is a 4K projector?” is the following question to ask if a high-quality image and excellent black levels are your goals. You’ll also want to compare home theater projectors vs business projectors, to get the right device for your viewing needs. 

DIY Projector Screen

Custom screens are a popular choice. You can easily get an excellent screen at an affordable price, and sometimes by spending nothing. All you need is a reflective surface capable of holding a relatively bright-looking image. A few materials are largely favored, but they come in multiple flavors. A white surface works best, and a bed sheet is the perfect white material for the job.

Here are a few ideas for a DIY display surface:

  • Dark blackout cloth
  • White blackout cloth
  • Matte white wall
  • Side of house

Perforated Screens

A perforated screen offers the perfect balance of image quality and sound quality. They have tiny holes indiscernible to the eye. This allows sound waves to travel through the material, providing a similar experience to that found in a commercial movie theater.

This acoustic transparency allows for better believability and immersion into the cinematic experience. Typically, these will be matte white screens.

Projector Screen Paint

You might look for some paint if you don’t have a perfectly white matte wall. This unique formula of paint is made to prep an unconventional projection screen surface. You can use this paint on any surface where you’d like to project.

This won’t work for all projectors, however. Rear projection requires an entirely different setup. Make sure that the types of screens you choose integrate with the standards of your projector. Moreover, no matter the type of screen you get, ensure that you know how to clean a projector screen properly, or you’ll risk damaging it.


Some ambient light is permissible, but if the light level is too high, you will experience an image washout.


Why do premium projector screens cost so much?

Premium projector screens don’t come at reasonable prices for good reason. The type of material used is far higher quality, which provides a better viewing experience.

What is the best color for a projection screen?

The best projection screen color is up for debate. It comes down to where you’ll be using the projection screen, how much ambient light is present, and more. Grey screens are gaining popularity, however.

Why are there so many screen manufacturers?

Supply and demand drive this industry forward. Do plenty of research into the projection screen manufacturer that you’re looking to purchase from, and compare all types of screens.

Where should I put my projector in my home movie theater?

Theater screens should always be placed front and center, with consideration taken for aspect ratio and throw. Invest in a quality theater projection screen for the best results.

STAT: A movie projector is an optomechanical device for displaying motion picture film by projecting it onto a screen. (source)

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