What is Gain for Projector Screen?

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Updated June 27, 2022

To make the most of the best projector, you’ll need to know what is gain for a projector screen. While some people might think more gain the better, it’s not that simple. Additionally, there are other adjustments and fixes you can apply to your projector and screen, including fixing a retractable projector screen, improving projector color accuracy, selecting the right projector for your needs, and learning about the aspect ratio on a projector screen.

Many of these elements can help improve your viewing experience while you learn about gain for a projector. So read on, and we’ll walk you through understanding gain to capture the most impressive image quality possible.


  • Gain on a projector screen is a measurement of the screen’s ability to reflect light.
  • The standard gain screen is 1.0, which means your screen reflects the same amount of perceivable light as your projector is sending out.
  • Most experts recommend a low gain projector screen with a high lumen projector for a home theater experience.

What is Gain?

Gain on a projection screen is based on its ability for light reflection. Therefore, knowing the reflectivity of your projection surface is essential for a brighter image and a wider viewing angle. That said, if you’re experiencing noticeable color shifts, you may want to look into projector color wheel repair.

Moreover, if you notice your video quality is not quite up to par for your viewing needs, you’ll want to compare a video gaming projector vs a home theater, to see which works best. In fact, you can start with our comparison of the Epson home cinema 3200 vs 3800 projectors. 

Insider Tip

Make sure your screen is entirely smooth before checking for hot spots or troubleshooting other gain issues.

How is Gain Measured for a Projector Screen?

You should get your screen materials’ gain measurement from the center of the screen. The “zero degrees viewing angle” is where the projector screen’s reflective surface is the brightest. This is where we can find the most accurate gain ratio for our home theater projector.

What is the Best Gain Ratio for My Projector Screen?

The general rule of thumb for standard gain is 1.0. This means that the screen reflects the same perceivable light that the projector is giving off. For example, a 1000 lumen projector on a 1.5 gain screen surface will seem 1.5X brighter than the projector’s light, or 1500 lumens. A 1.0 screen ratio is usually the best choice, but make sure you know how to get wrinkles out of your projector screen to reach a consistent gain level.

Pros and Cons of High Gain

There are reasons to choose a high gain projection surface. That said, they are not always the correct choice. For example, a high gain screen offers bright, vivid images, but you will not have a wide viewing angle. In addition, a high gain screen fabric with a special coating for light rejection is ideal for a portable screen that is fighting against ambient light.

Pros and Cons of Low Gain

Most experts recommend a negative gain screen with a high lumen projector. However, a low gain screen in a home theater environment with low ambient light will produce a better dynamic range, especially with a grey screen. That said, lower gain screens diminish the brightness of your projector. So they aren’t the best choice for entry-level or low-end projectors or using a projector outside of ideal circumstances.


Do not choose a low gain screen unless your projector has enough lumens to compensate for the loss of image brightness.


What size screen should you get?

Your screen size should match the space you have. If you choose an image size that’s too big, you may have a less comfortable viewing experience.

Which screen color should I choose?

A white screen is the most common option for most theater projectors. That said, a gray screen is an excellent choice due to its deeper black level.

Is a high gain screen a good thing?

High gain on a projector screen is sometimes good, but it will degrade your image quality most of the time. In addition, a high gain will reduce your viewing angle.

STAT: Fifteen years ago, the “big six” companies — Warner Bros., Walt Disney, 20th Century Fox, Paramount, Sony, and Universal – produced 20-25 blockbuster pictures, according to analyst Matthew Ball. Some companies were making as few as nine films by 2019. (source)

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