What is a Peer-Reviewed Article?

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Updated October 27, 2022

What is a peer-reviewed article? An article that passes through a rigorous review process that includes multiple revisions by peers in the same field or discipline before publication in a scholarly journal. Peer-reviewed articles can include meta-analyses, empirical studies, and review articles. Note that this is not a way to make money as it is with affiliate marketing. And, sometimes, peer reviews can also be fake reviews.


  • Experts write Peer-reviewed articles, and other experts in the same industry review them.
  • A peer review undergoes a process of assessing the quality of the submitted article before publication.
  • The content of the articles is what sets apart common and renowned authors.

Background of A Peer-Reviewed Article

The first scientific journal dates back 300+ years. The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society is known to be the first peer-reviewed article that underwent the laborious process under the editorship of Henry Oldenburg between 1618 and 1677.

Although there are many criticisms about the integrity of peer review, the research community works to ensure the legitimacy of peer review as the ideal form of scientific evaluation. The results of the 2009 survey by Elsevier and Sense About Science support this opinion. In addition, the Publishing Research Consortium survey stated that 82% of researchers agree that peer review is the best way to control scientific communication.

Types of Peer Review 

There are different types of peer review articles (these are different than product reviews), and each has its advantages and disadvantages. So, you have to check which type is in use by the journal you are working on to understand the respective rules. 

In most cases, one type of review is common in a particular subject community. Still, more effort is on transparency around the peer-review process. That helps prevent fraudulent peer reviews similar to the e-commerce ones, such as the fake Trustpilot reviews. If you have any questions about the peer review model in use by the journal you are reviewing, make direct contact with the editorial office or consult through the journal’s homepage. 

Single Anonymized Review

A single anonymized review is a traditional method of reviewing where the names of reviewers are not available to the author. Also known as the most common review, here are some points you need to consider regarding this review:

  • The reviewer is anonymous to the author for impartial decisions.
  • Reviewers are the first to publish because authors are concerned that reviewers could delay publication.
  • Since reviewers are unknown, they could be critical or harsh when adding comments about the author’s work.

Double Anonymized Review

In this model, there is anonymity for both the author and the reviewer. Some of this model’s advantages include:

  • There is low reviewer bias because the author is anonymous, for instance, due to the birthplace, gender, previous publication history, or academic status. 
  • The content of the papers considers prestigious or renowned authors, not their reputation.

Triple Anonymized Review

In this type of review, the author is anonymous to both the reviewer and the editor. In addition, the reviewers are anonymous. Once the articles are submitted, anonymity takes place. 

Open Review

Open peer review is a mix-up of different models that desire transparency throughout the review process. 

It can sometimes be difficult to spot a fake review when it’s concerning peer-reviewed articles. That’s because these need to be reviewed internally for false information.


How do I find peer-reviewed articles?

The fastest way to find peer-reviewed articles is to browse through online library databases.

What goes on in a Peer Review?

Once the author submits the article to the journal editor, other experts in the field get a copy. These other experts who specialize in the same field are peers to the author, so the articles are known as peer-reviewed articles. 

These impartial reviewers evaluate the article to determine if it meets the quality standards. Most importantly, the article has to be accurate. In some cases, the author gets revisions. In other instances where the article is lacking, they reject it.

What is a scholarly journal?

It is a journal with articles that undergo a “peer review” process before publishing takes place.

For more great articles, check out our guides on the Hindawi Publishing Corporation being fake, how to build customer relationships, and what is UGC.

STAT: According to the Publishing Research Consortium’s survey in 2015, 82% of researchers agreed that peer reviews help control science communication. (source)

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