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If you are new to digital photography, you may want to learn about the various DSLR lenses. Many of the best digital cameras, after all, are DSLR models, and these cameras integrate with plenty of lenses to suit different tastes and requirements. So why learn about lens choices with the best DSLR cameras, and what should you keep in mind as you shop for lenses? Keep reading to find out.
When learning about the finest DSLR cameras, lenses come next. DSLR cameras let you swap out different lenses to create unique effects, which is something you won’t find when looking at digital point-and-shoot cameras. There are lenses for wide shots, macro shots, and beyond if you are learning the best Canon lens for video.
No matter the lens you choose, make sure it fits your camera before making a purchase.
Here are the major lens types for DSLR cameras so you can move on to learning about the various types of camera mounts.
This is the most common type of external lens for a DSLR camera, as it allows users to zoom in on subjects to create unique photographic outcomes. This comes in handy when taking simple shots of friends and family or taking a photo safari in a remote location. In other words, these are versatile lenses, with the most popular type falling into the 70-200 mm range.
To that point, zoom lenses have variable focal lengths, so with a 70-200mm lens, for example, you can zoom from 70mm all the way up to 200mm.
The prime lens is the basic lens that typically ships with every DSLR camera, though unique versions are available for purchase. Prime lenses have been around as long as cameras have. They feature a fixed focal range, so there is no zooming allowed, but they deliver excellent results with that pre-determined focal length.
In other words, these lenses are finely-tuned for taking standard portraits and the like. The lack of zoom is an issue for some, but the increased visual clarity makes up for that limitation for many others.
If your zoom lenses are not quite, uh, zoomy enough for you, look toward the humble telephoto lens. These are like zoom lenses on steroids, with huge variable focal length ranges of around 100mm to 600mm and the ability to zoom ultra close or far from a subject. Some can go even closer to a subject.
These are unique and specialized lenses best suited to a professional wildlife photographer than an amateur looking to get some decent shots of friends and family.
This is another must-have lens type for budding professionals looking to expand their photographic arsenal and skillset. Wide-angle lenses boast a wider focal field than prime lenses, so you can capture more of any scene that is presented in front of you. This makes them ideal for landscape photographers, architecture photographers, and the like.
These are not fixed focal length lenses, but the range of focal lengths tends to be on the smaller side, at around 16 to 35mm.
The fisheye lens is to the wide-angle lens as the telephoto lens is to the zoom lens. In other words, fisheye lenses take that wide field of view to the next level, creating the unusual “fisheye” effect in the process. This effect, which looks like a GoPro image, may have limited real-world applications, but when it works, it really works.
These are useful for indoor photographs or when using your camera to create unique designs and image contrasts.
STAT: While full-frame lenses can be used on a crop sensor, a lens designed for a crop sensor can’t be used on a full frame. (source)