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If you are new to the world of air cleaning products, you may wonder about the types of air purifiers out there to clean particulates. The best air purifiers, after all, come in a wide array of shapes, sizes, and designs.
Namely, air purifiers improve indoor air quality. This means they rid the air of organic compounds, dust particles, and airborne contaminates, which cause allergies
So what are the different air purifier types, and which is the right fit for you? Keep reading to find out.
Air purifiers can be expensive, so you want to make sure you get the right model for you. There are plenty of types out there if you wonder what is better than a HEPA filter. Beyond that, there are carbon filters if you are comparing the Reme Halo vs Guardian. There are also ionizing models if you are comparing the 2IQAire Machine vs an NK100 tower air purifier.
Measure your space before buying an air purifier and match the measurements to efficacy stats.
There is an air purifier model for nearly any scenario if you are comparing the Advanced Pure Air Newport 9000 vs the Surround Air XJ-3800 Intelli-Pro. Here is everything you need to know about purifier designs so you can conduct that Advanced Pure Air Newport Ultra vs Advanced Pure Air Shield review.
This has grown to become the de facto standard air purifier type in recent years, and with good reason. HEPA filters trap around 99.7 percent of airborne particles, which is a lot. HEPA air purifiers come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes, as HEPA merely refers to the internal filter and no other aspect of the design. As a matter of fact, some of the following designs sometimes use HEPA filters as an added bonus.
Here’s how they work. An inner fan pulls in the air where it is run through the HEPA filter, which traps anything icky. This is a simple yet tried-and-true design. The inner workings of your air purifier might not be visible to the naked eye, so be sure to learn how to tell if your air purifier is working so you can also recognize when it’s not.
This technology has been around for more than 100 years, so you can rest assured that activated carbon is a tried-and-true air purification tool. Carbon filters are ultra-compressed blocks of carbon with thousands upon thousands of molecule-sized pores that draw in all kinds of icky particles.
Carbon filters are especially known for their odor-reducing properties, so you will often find them in kitchens, public bathrooms, and other high-traffic locations.
This type of air purifier uses ultraviolet rays to quite literally zap undesirable airborne particles from your space. This ultraviolet light is adept at killing germs, bacteria, viruses, and other things you don’t want floating around in your living room. They work by pulling in biological pollutants and pushing them through a tube where they are hammered with UV radiation.
This priority on sanitization from germs and bacteria means you’ll often find this type of air purifier in hospitals and other medical settings.
Only purchase and use an ozone generator after conducting copious research on adverse effects
This air purifier uses a high-voltage generator to charge airborne particles electrically. This causes anything above a certain weight to fall to the ground, which includes many common allergens, dust, and smoke particles.
Believe it or not, many ionic air purifiers are also sold as mood stabilizers, as a natural byproduct of releasing charged negative ions into the air is an increase of the mood chemical serotonin, though the science is still out on this claim.
This is the most controversial item on this list due to the potential health risks of pushing a whole bunch of ozone into your living space. Still, they are effective at certain things, as ozone particles attach to other airborne particles, changing their very properties. This makes them handy for removing some odors and for getting rid of certain potentially dangerous particles, such as germs and bacteria.
Still, the tradeoff is you get a bunch of ozone in the home, so many manufacturers recommend leaving the room while these units are in operation.
STAT: Air purifiers are used to remove contaminants from the air. They can be manufactured as small, stand-alone units or larger units that can be attached to your HVAC. (source)