Charcoal vs Propane Grills

Jed Smith Profile image

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Updated June 27, 2022

If you’re debating the differences between charcoal and propane grills, there are quite a few distinctions between the two that you should know. Both are popular options with major disparities in performance, and factors such as cleanup, fuel efficiency, and cost are all necessary parts of the equation.


  • Charcoal grills give the food the much sought-after smoky BBQ flavor and can reach higher temperatures than propane for excellent searing.
  • Propane grills have much lower fuel costs and are more eco-friendly but start at much higher price points than charcoal models.
  • Propane grills heat up quickly and offer much more precise control over the temperature than charcoal grills, but they can’t achieve the same heat levels as charcoal and don’t impart a smoky flavor to foods.

Understanding those factors will help you choose the best grill for your needs. Once you’ve decided, you might want to look at the differences between cast iron vs. stainless steel grills.

Insider Tip

Charcoal is capable of high temperatures that allow for better searing and easier cooking of tough meats and steaks.

Is Charcoal Better than Propane?

Propane grills rose in prominence on the market in the past decade and now comprise more than half the grills bought each year, but they can’t completely take the place of charcoal, with huge differences in cost, and ease of use, maintenance, and flavor they give food. If you’re looking for another alternative to propane, you may want to read about gas vs. infrared grills


Charcoal grills have the edge here as hot coals can achieve much higher top temperatures than propane flames. This makes getting restaurant-quality sears and cooking tougher meats and steaks easier, though they’re still possible with propane. But, you’ll want to compare charcoal vs propane if health concerns are a priority for you. 

Precision/Ease of Use

Propane grills have dial controls that allow for more precise temperature control than charcoal grills and a much quicker and easier startup, reaching the desired cooking temperature in a few minutes They’re also far easier to clean than charcoal grills, which quickly buildup burnt food residue and ashes that can be a chore to clean after each use. Some charcoal grills can be portable, too, making them some of the best camping grills to have. 


This one’s slightly more complicated. Charcoal grills themselves can be had very cheaply. A decent charcoal grill can be bought for as little as $25. Conversely, propane grills are hard to find for less than $100, but the cost of refilling a propane tank is much lower and the grills much more fuel-efficient, which means with frequent enough use, buying coal and lighter fluid will cost you significantly more over time.


If you want to get that smoky barbecue flavor without liquid smoke or similar products, charcoal is the only way to go. While propane cooks evenly and is more reliable, it produces “clean” food without any extra flavor imparted by the cooking process. This is why restaurant chefs prefer charcoal for BBQ.


Charcoal grills are much more affordable upfront, however, their fuel costs are much higher than propane, even though propane grills themselves are more expensive.


Is there a taste difference between charcoal and propane grills?

Yes, charcoal gives meat the classic smoky BBQ flavor many people are looking for when grilling. Propane grills create “clean” tasting food and simply can’t produce a smoky flavor without products like liquid smoke.

Is cooking with charcoal unhealthy?

Unless you’re eating charcoal-grilled meat every day, then any health risks are minimal. Charcoal grilling does put a certain amount of carcinogens into meat, but in amounts that aren’t a serious health risk if you’re only eating it a few times a month.

Is steak better on propane or charcoal?

Most of the time, you’ll get better results with steak and other tougher meats using charcoal, because of the higher temperatures it’s capable of. This also means a great sear is much easier to get with charcoal.

STAT: CO emissions from grills and BBQs account for 0.0003% of the U.S.’s yearly carbon footprint. (source)

Michael Iaboni Profile image