If you are new to the world of unique stereo setups, you may wonder how to wire a dual-voice coil subwoofer. Many of the best speakers, after all, are subs, and it is the voice coil that makes these speakers work. So what is a dual voice coil, and how do you wire them so that the best subwoofers sound absolutely fantastic? Keep reading to find out.
- Dual-coil subwoofer designs offer increased sound quality, with increased connection requirements over single-voice coil subwoofers.
- Old-school dual voice subs required soldiering to make a correct wiring configuration and some serious electrical work, but the same is not true for modern releases.
- In most cases, you should be able to connect with standard speaker wires, RCA cables, or optical cables, just like when connecting to a single voice coil sub.
What is a Dual Voice Coil Subwoofer?
Before you learn how to connect a subwoofer, you should learn the exact definition of a coil. A speaker’s voice coil is an electromagnet that assists in turning vibrations into sound waves, which is helpful when learning how to connect a subwoofer to a receiver without an output. So, if you are learning how to test a subwoofer, a dual voice coil subwoofer features two of these coils.
Dual-voice coil subwoofers do not typically require special power accommodations, though you should check to be sure.
The benefits of a dual-coil design are varied, including ease of maintenance, a more natural sound, and more. They are also susceptible to installation issues, leading some to wonder why a subwoofer is making a noise when turned on.
How to Connect a Dual-Coil Subwoofer
Making a proper connection here relies entirely on the design of the speaker and the rest of your stereo setup. Wiring up a dual-coil subwoofer in the old days was incredibly complex, often requiring soldiering and some serious electrical know-how. Newer models include two coils inside but connect via traditional means. With that said, here are some options for making a successful connection.
Use Standard Speaker Wires
You can use standard speaker wires to connect a dual voice coil sub to the rest of the system without any need for soldiering or other electrical work. This assumes that your subwoofer handles the heavy lifting before the signal hits the output, so make sure to check on that via the instructions. Many newer subwoofer designs include this feature.
Connect Via RCA
The same goes for a traditional RCA connection. If your sub boasts two RCA outs and you find an appropriate input on your receiver, preamp, or tower speaker, go for it. Again, this assumes a newer model with an integrated dual voice circuit.
STAT: Johann Philipp Reis installed an electric loudspeaker in his telephone in 1861; it was capable of reproducing clear tones, but later revisions could also reproduce muffled speech. (source)
Hire a Pro
If you have an older sub that requires a manual connection, you may want to outsource this to a professional. You will likely have to do some soldiering and cutting into the speaker enclosure to make a proper connection.