How to use a Digital SLR Camera

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Updated February 13, 2023

If you are new to digital photography, learning how to use a digital SLR camera will take time and practice. To help you get the most out of your DSLR, we’ve put together some valuable tips. Additionally, you can check out the best digital cameras if you are thinking about purchasing a new one.


  • Hold the DSLR camera properly to reduce camera movement, which can result in blurred images.
  • Familiarize yourself with your camera’s settings and various photography techniques, then compose your shot.
  • Practice often.

A Simple Guide to Get You Started


If you are right-handed, wrap your right hand around the camera’s handgrip, placing the index finger over the shutter button. Then, hold the camera lens with your left hand.

The main objective of learning how to hold your DSLR camera is to avoid camera movement when shooting. If you shake when taking a picture, you will end up with blurry images. In addition, most DSLRs are relatively heavy, so you need to use both hands to stabilize it. You may also want to check out how to use a manual lens on a digital camera, how to operate a digital camera in P mode, and how to take close-up photos with a digital camera if you want to boost your photography skills.


Most digital cameras give you the option of displaying grid markers inside the optical viewfinder. To turn this setting on, go to your camera’s menu and select the grid display. The grid markers will appear on your LCD screen or in your electronic viewfinder.

The following techniques will provide you with creative control over composing: the rules of thirds, framing, color use, and leading lines.

The Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is a composition guideline that divides the scene into vertical and horizontal thirds, leaving you with nine squares and four grid lines. Use gridlines to help you identify where to position your subject, background, and foreground.

Focus Point

There are different types of focus on a digital camera. But for this guide, the focus point is the subject on which your camera is focusing. When shooting portraits, keep the key aspects of your subject in sharp focus, and the background blurred out.

The Positioning of the Subject

You can achieve different effects depending on how you position your subject in relation to the camera. The general rule of thumb is to place the subject off-center to attract the viewer’s interest.


Framing is the art of drawing focus to your subject by using other elements of the scene to create a natural frame around it. For example, in his famous image, Wawona Tunnel View, Ansel Adams used the mouth of a cave to frame the mountains for dramatic effect.

Leading Lines

Use leading lines like roads, train tracks, or electric cables to direct the viewer’s attention to the image’s focal point.

Color Use

Use color to highlight your subject, or use complementary colors to depict emotion.


Learning to configure the settings on your camera will help you achieve the correct exposure for each image. Exposure refers to the amount of light reaching your camera’s sensor to determine how bright or dark your photo will turn out. Since a balanced exposure is one key to excellent image quality, keep the following general guidelines in mind when adjusting your exposure settings. If you’re having issues with exposure or any other camera settings, you might want to buy a new digital camera.

Insider Tip

Camera software or firmware updates ideally comes with feature enhancement, additional functions, or bug fixes. However, it is essential to note that firmware updates aren’t always necessary, and depending on the make and model of your camera, it might not need or have updates.

Shutter Speed 

If you are shooting a moving object, avoid using a slower shutter speed (e.g., 1 second) because you will end up with blurry or poor image quality. So, always ensure that your shutter speed is a bit higher than your focal length.


The smaller the aperture value, the larger the opening that allows incoming light into the camera sensor. Generally, large openings are f/1.2 to f/2.8, and small openings are f/22 to f36.

ISO Settings

The larger the ISO value, the more sensitive the image sensor is to the light coming in through the lens. So, for entry-level photographers, keep the ISO below 1600.  

White Balance

The white balance setting is used to adjust how natural the colors in a photo will appear under different lighting conditions by balancing the red, green, and blue (RGB) channels. Depending on your camera, you’ll find white balance presets like auto, daylight, cloudy, and shade.


Practice these concepts and you’ll soon understand how to use these different settings to your advantage. However, you should first know how to update your digital camera if you are to get the most out of it.

Insider Tip

It is essential to note that all cameras are designed differently, but updating firmware across all camera makes and models is the same.


How should I service my DSLR?

Take your DSLR to a qualified technician for proper lens cleaning. For example, you can choose a time of the year when to service your camera at a certified dealership store.

So, which DSLR should I buy?

It all depends on your budget, the genre of photography you want to dive into, and the experience you have. A beginner photographer will find there’s a range of affordable entry-level DSLRs, but a professional photographer will pick a camera by determining the size of the sensor, lens type, megapixel count, and more.

What does EOS mean in camera?

EOS stands for Electro-Optical System; Canon introduced the concept in 1987 when launching their autofocus SLR cameras i.e., Canon EOS.

STAT: In most DSLR cameras, the auto mode will work well in 80% of situations. (source)

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