If you are experimenting with the advanced features of your wireless network, you may wonder how to port forward a router. The best routers, after all, allow for some complex setup configurations, port forwarding among them. Why get into port forwarding and how to do it on a router? Keep reading to find out.
Enabling port forwarding on a router tells the device to issue dynamic port addresses to anything connected to your network. This helps with certain computer games, voice chat applications, and other power-hungry networked devices. Additionally, it helps get around certain geographic restrictions regarding content. It can, however, leave your network open to suspicious activity, leading you to learn how to block an IP address from a router.
This process differs depending on the make and model of your router, though the process is not dissimilar to when you are learning how to enable UPnP on a router or checking the DNS address. With that in mind, we have kept these guidelines as universal as possible.
If you are new to the world of forwarding ports, it can be overwhelming. Try a dedicated software suite to automate the process.
Your first move is to check on your overall network connection. Make sure the router is plugged into the modem via Ethernet cable and that both devices are issuing a reliable Internet connection and signal. You might also want to check if you have any open ports on the back of your router.
Now, head to the admin control panel or the router’s dedicated settings page. Unfortunately, the process here will be different depending on what router you have, so check the instructions or perform a quick web search with your router’s make and model name.
In most cases, enter the router’s public IP address (static IP address) into the address bar of a standard web browser to access the settings menu. Otherwise, try opening up the firmware or using a dedicated mobile app.
Look for a “Port Forwarding” settings tab, which could be located in “Advanced Settings”, “Security”, or even “Gaming Settings.” Open the port forwarding window and enter any port addresses you need to forward. Afterward, save your changes.
Port triggering vs. port forwarding: what’s the difference?
Forwarding always opens up the same ports, no matter what, whereas port triggering opens up the port ranges dynamically when they are needed or requested. Forwarding is more of a security risk.
Does port forwarding slow down the Internet?
In some cases, it can slow down your connection, as it opens up certain risks to security. You can address these issues via the port forwarding settings in most cases.
How to open ports on a VPN?
You can also go through a VPN instead of your personal default gateway or private network, though the process to open ports on a VPN differs according to which software you choose.
STAT: The Universal Plug and Play protocol (UPnP) provides a feature to automatically install instances of port forwarding in residential Internet gateways. (source)